新聞稿

The application of photovoltaic systems to aquaculture farms (hereinafter referred to as Aqua-PV) has been actively promoted by the Executive Yuan as an important means of accelerating Taiwan's energy transformation. While Aqua-PV in open fields is done using ground-mounted systems with a maximum of 40% ground-coverage ratio, indoor Aqua-PV is done using rooftop systems which permit a much higher PV coverage ratio of 80%. Although indoor Aqua-PV seems more profitable, indoor fish farming is more technologically demanding as it requires 24-hour water quality treatment. Because of this, solar developers need to bring in new teams or cooperate with bigger fish farming businesses to set up aquaculture systems. Yet solar developers and investors believe that indoor Aqua-PV projects are more easily controlled and a less risky business venture compared with outdoor projects where there is more necessity to deal with traditional fish farming practices and management styles. Therefore, although the cost per unit area of ​​indoor projects is much higher than that of outdoor projects, it is now the favored method. Last month, one project secured a massive syndicated loan totaling NTD$8.88 billion (USD$291.3 million) from several banks, setting a record for the highest amount ever provided for an Aqua-PV project in Taiwan. Compared with traditional aquaculture in open fields, indoor projects would permanently alter the land use and should be permitted only after special consideration. However, there is currently a lack of relevant environmental and social regulations and little to no management guidelines for indoor Aqua-PV. Without proper action now, large-scale development of indoor Aqua-PV projects will likely get out of control, resulting in serious environmental degradation and aquaculture problems.

室內型漁電共生養殖場(下稱室內漁電),是現今行政院力推的重要能源轉型方向。室內漁電屬於屋頂型光電,光電板覆蓋率可達土地面積的80%,遠高於戶外漁電共生覆蓋率40%;此外,室內養殖是採24小時水質處理的環境控制技術,具高技術門檻,發電業者多半需引入新的養殖團隊,或跟企業化的養殖戶合作的方式進行養殖,因此發電方及融資方認為相較戶外漁電共生多半需與原傳統養殖個體戶合作,室內養殖是較可控、風險較低的經營方式。因此,雖然室內漁電較戶外漁電的單位面積成本高出許多,但反而更受光電業者青睞,據了解近來申請案件數已遠超過戶外漁電。近期更有案例,得到了銀行團88.8億的鉅額貸款,創下2022年台灣金額最高的漁電共生聯貸紀錄。室內漁電是在魚塭上填土蓋建築物,相比戶外漁電是大幅增加了土地的使用強度,但目前卻缺乏相關環境社會檢核和漁業管理機制。大規模開發下很有可能失控,進而造成嚴重的環境破壞與漁業問題。

台南市七股區頂山鹽灘地近期有不少攝影者前來拍攝小燕鷗的繁殖育雛,然而部分攝影者無視封鎖線的提醒,直接步入鹽灘地近距離拍攝,已明顯干擾鳥類的繁殖,不僅勸導無效,也數度與勸導方發生口角爭執。喜愛拍攝鳥類是一件美事,但如果忽略生態攝影的倫理,也不尊重地方保護環境的規範,攝影行為就可能成為單純的干擾與冒犯。

Results from the 2022 Taiwan Black-faced Spoonbill Census showed a total of 3,824 Black-faced Spoonbills in Taiwan, a new record and increase of 692 from the year before

中華民國野鳥學會於10月16日召開會員代表大會,大會無異議通過基隆市野鳥學會(基隆鳥會)的提案-「建議遊隼從目前可以合法進口及人工繁殖的5種猛禽中除名」,中華鳥會近日將行文主管機關,表達希望遊隼能從合法進口名單中除名的訴求。

The Taiwan Wild Bird Federation (TWBF) has successfully applied to become one of the newest members of the International Partnership for the Satoyama Initiative (IPSI). Its addition brings the total number of IPSI partners to 279. It also becomes the 18th successful Taiwan applicant.

中華民國野鳥學會(中華鳥會)於2021年代表水雉生態教育園區正式加入「國際里山倡議夥伴關係網絡(IPSI)」,成為第279個成員,也是台灣第18個成功加入IPSI的組織。

5月份在網路媒體有學者投書,其觀察嘉義、台南鹽田濕地目前環境劣化越來越嚴重,不應放任不作為,並認為特有生物研究保育中心(簡稱特生中心)所繪製的鹽田生態敏感區的圖層分析不嚴謹,致國產署以錯誤的圖資做成行政命令之依據,其主張國有財產署應撤回行政命令並准予光電廠商申請開發,讓光電業者投入資源進行復育與管理,創造綠能與保育的雙贏。

中華民國野鳥學會、台南市野鳥學會、台灣黑面琵鷺保育學會及高雄市野鳥學會針對此投書有不同的見解,我們的意見與聲明如下:

Results of the 2021 Taiwan Black-faced Spoonbill Census revealed a total of 3,132 wintering in Taiwan proper and its outlying islands, up 347 from the year before and a new record. With annual census numbers consistently showing 50% to 60% of the global population, Taiwan is one of the most critical habitat areas for the iconic and globally threatened species. This year’s survey lasted from January 16-17, with results released on April 14.

中華民國野鳥學會與特有生物研究保育中心正式發表「2020臺灣國家鳥類報告(The State of Taiwan's Birds 2020)」!這是臺灣第一份由政府部門、大專院校及民間組織共同完成的鳥類生存狀態評估報告。

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