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The Fairy Pitta (Pitta nympha) is a long-distance migratory land bird restricted to the East Asian-Australasian Flyway. Known in Mandarin as the "eight-colored bird" (八色鳥), its extensive breeding range includes the Korean Peninsula, China, Japan, and Taiwan. Taiwan, however, is where much of the research on the species over the last 20 years has been conducted. This passerine also holds special significance in Taiwan among those involved in the country's environmental movement as it played an outsized role in Taiwan's modern conservation history. Yet for such a brightly colored bird, it still keeps its secrets well hidden. Even now, there is much that is not known about the species, which is considered "vulnerable" by the IUCN.

The Fairy Pitta (Pitta nympha) is a long-distance migratory land bird restricted to the East Asian-Australasian Flyway. Known in Mandarin as the "eight-colored bird" (八色鳥), its extensive breeding range includes the Korean Peninsula, China, Japan, and Taiwan. Taiwan, however, is where much of the research on the species over the last 20 years has been conducted. This passerine also holds special significance in Taiwan among those involved in the country's environmental movement as it played an outsized role in Taiwan's modern conservation history. Yet for such a brightly colored bird, it still keeps its secrets well hidden. Even now, there is much that is not known about the species, which is considered "vulnerable" by the IUCN.

This piece was first published in BirdingASIA: The Bulletin of the Oriental Bird Club (Number 37 June 2022). The Oriental Bird Club aims to encourage an interest in wild birds in Asia and their conservation; promote the work of local bird and nature societies in the region; support projects on the ground for research and conservation of threatened birds; and collate and publish information on Asian birds. The authors would like to express their gratitude to the OBC for allowing us to contribute this piece. To learn more about the OBC, please visit: https://www.orientalbirdclub.org/(link is external).

好山好水好美濃
美濃依山傍水,景緻宜人,民風純樸,是南部最重要的客家聚落。客家鄉親在此立庄數百年來,以農維生,勤奮、勤儉、重視教育,也孕育出全台灣最多博士的鄉鎮!

By Scott Pursner

On May 8th, 2021, birders and nature enthusiasts around the world joined in the second ever Global Big Day bird count organized by Global Birding and powered by the eBird online platform. During the event, nearly 52,000 people from 192 countries recorded 7,234 species on 133,887 checklists! This was no small feat and could be celebrated as an international effort for birding and citizen science.

by Scott Pursner

The Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor), whose global population has risen from a known 288 in 1990 to over 5,000 this year, is one of Asia's great conservation successes. This endangered migratory waterbird endemic to East Asia has not just become iconic in countries along the East Asian-Australasian Flyway, but has won over the hearts of enthusiasts and the public around the world. Its conservation success relied on the power of partnership and cooperation at both the local and international level. Taiwan, which sees over half the global wintering population and where it is affectionately known as “Hei-Pi” (since the “hei” and “pi” of its Chinese name sound like “happy”), made outsized contributions to that success. Here we look at that story.

圖、文/范國晃    【轉載自台灣野鳥協會黃山雀 2020 年 7-8 雙月刊 229 期】

在數位攝影普及化的今日,我們有很多方式可以接觸攝影的學習管道,然而並非所有途徑都會將我們帶往追求經典攝影的道路。只要我們在學習的過程中遇到錯誤的學習對象,那麼我們就可能以錯誤的方式拍攝照片。但若我們投入在正統的攝影學習環境,那麼我們就能充滿自信的拍攝出成功的照片。

數位崛起傳統式微

在底片攝影時代,學習攝影總是要按步就班的認識底片的類型、測光方式、光圈、快門、曝光補償及對焦...等等各種攝影要素的相互搭配及對成像的影響。然而在數位相機普及的今日,許多使用者追求速成的拍照方式,或倚賴軟體後製補救曝光失誤的照片,亦有不少在拍攝者以佈景及餵誘方式,並且事前對焦構圖後待野鳥飛入。因此產生許多大衆無法認同的照片。不僅是生態攝影有此問題,連商業攝影也因速成式攝影師而造成許多問題。

圖、文/洪貫捷    【中華飛羽299期】

美國康乃爾大學鳥類實驗室(The Cornell Lab of Ornithology)除了發展廣為人知的eBird之外,還有一個Macaulay Library (中文多譯為麥考利資料庫)。麥考利資料庫由康乃爾大學鳥類實驗室創立於1929年,當初稱為Cornell Library of Natural Sounds資料庫,第一份鳥類錄音是Peter Paul Kellogg and Albert R. Brand使用幾乎和汽車一樣大的自製集音盤在Ithaca City Park陸下的錄音,目前還可以在資料庫當中聽到:

By Zdeněk Vermouzek / Director of the Czech Society for Ornithology 【中華飛羽298期】

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